# Publications

World Shale Gas Resources.” In, 2011. Publisher's VersionAbstract
World Shale Gas Resources: An Initial Assessment of 14 Regions Outside the United States. Introductory website and Report. Advanced Resources International, Inc., sponsored by the US Energy Information Administration. April 5, 2011.
Report, NERC Special. Reliability Impacts of Climate Change Initiatives: Technology Assessment and Scenario Development . NERC. North America Electric Reliability Corporartion, 2010.Abstract

Climate change initiatives proposed by governments and industry organizations will affect the way energy is used in North America. The aggressiveness or pace of mandates/targets affects near-term and long-term outcomes and the rate of new technology deployments. This report assesses the status and reliability effects from integrating new technologies promulgated by climate change initiatives as well as develops a framework for scenario assessment.

Sakhrani, Vivek,, and John E. Parsons. “Electricity Network Tariff Architectures: A Comparison of Four OECD Countries.” In, 2010. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The study is motivated by the question “what is the optimal tariff design?” While we do not offer an answer to this question, we use the different designs in four select countries to illuminate the issues involved in designing electricity network tariffs. Electricity networks are a resource shared by all network users. A tariff design that is clear to network users and well understood by them can help them make efficient decisions. A design that sets up conflicting or perverse incentives results in economic distortions. We find that there are a variety of choices and trade-offs while designing the electricity network tariffs for any electricity system. The tariff design must not only be influenced by the technical and economic characteristics of the system, but also the secondary policy objectives that policy makers wish to achieve, while allowing network companies to recover the costs of building and maintaining the network.
Wasserstrom, Dr. Robert,, and Susan Reider. “Electric Transmission and Carbon Reduction: A Survey of Environmental Leaders and State Regulators.” In, 2010. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Excerpt from the Executive Summary:

From March, 2009, to December, 2009, the Center for Energy Economics and Terra Group surveyed state and federal regulators, environmental leaders, industry representatives and other key stakeholders in the U.S. electric power transmission system. This survey updates an earlier study completed in 1996. At that time, few “non-traditional” stakeholders were interested in transmission projects.

This situation has changed significantly. At present, public discussion of high-voltage transmission has been subsumed within broader policy debates about reducing greenhouse gases, moving renewable energy over long distances and redesigning our nation’s overall electric system. New players – including national environmental groups, academics, Washington think tanks, trade associations and renewable power generators – now play a major role in shaping public debate about transmission siting and need.

Nordhaus, William D.Economic aspects of global warming in a post-Copenhagen environment.” In, 2010. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The science of global warming has reached a consensus on the high likelihood of substantial warming over the coming century. Nations have taken only limited steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions since the first agreement in Kyoto in 1997, and little progress was made at the Copenhagen meeting in December 2009. The present study examines alternative outcomes for emissions, climate change, and damages under different policy scenarios. It uses an updated version of the regional integrated model of climate and the economy (RICE model). Recent projections suggest that substantial future warming will occur if no abatement policies are implemented. The model also calculates the path of carbon prices necessary to keep the increase in global mean temperature to 2 °C or less in an efficient manner. The carbon price for 2010 associated with that goal is estimated to be $59 per ton (at 2005 prices), compared with an effective global average price today of around$5 per ton. However, it is unlikely that the Copenhagen temperature goal will be attained even if countries meet their ambitious stated objectives under the Copenhagen Accord.

Greene, Nathanael. “Climate and Renewables: What's Next?” In, 2010.Abstract
Greene, Nathanael . "Climate and Renewables: What's Next?" Presentation to the Harvard Electricity Policy Group, Sixtieth Plenary Session, Cambridge, MA. October 1, 2010. 10 pages.
Hogan, William W.What's Next After Copenhagen?” In, 2010. Publisher's VersionAbstract
What's Next After Copenhagen? Interview with, and embedded video of, Dr William Hogan. INSEAD.The outcome of the Copenhagen climate conference may have disappointed some business leaders and may not be the ‘Global Deal’ that many, including the UK’s Carbon Trust, had been hoping for, but it is being touted as another small step forward in the long process towards reducing carbon emissions.
Jaffe, Seth. “Carbon Policy When There Is No Carbon Policy.” In, 2010.Abstract
Jaffe, Seth. Carbon Policy When There Is No Carbon Policy. Presentation to the Harvard Electricity Policy Group, Sixty-First Plenary Session, Marana, AZ, December 9, 2010. 21 pages.