Brown, Ashley, and Susan Kaplan. “Retail and Wholesale Transmission Pricing: A Troublesome Divergence.” In, 1999.Abstract

    The difference between the pricing of transmission services for retail customers and the
    pricing for wholesale customers could hardly be more striking.. Retail customers still pay
    for transmission in exactly the same way that they have done for generations, namely through bundled retail rates. There are no unbundled retail transmission tariffs as such. Rates are based on the classic, time-honored methodology of cost of service regulation, namely capital investment minus depreciation times rate of return, plus expenses. The rate is then adjusted to account for customer class differences.

    With one or two possible exceptions related to future transmission services, wholesale
    customers generally pay, or at least have the option to choose to pay, an unbundled,
    transmission-specific rate and then choose their supplier from the marketplace. The
    transmission price will at least reflect the discrete costs of providing transmission-specific
    services or, depending on the pricing system employed in the locality the service is being
    rendered, may well be reflective of all costs actually being incurred on the system, including
    congestion costs. In short, transmission-specific price signals are, with a few possible
    exceptions, given solely to wholesale customers. They are not conveyed to retail customers
    either directly or indirectly.

    Brown, Ashley. “Honey, I Shrunk The Franchise!The Electricity Journal (1995).Abstract
    Detroit Edison's suit to halt the Michigan Commission's
    limited retail wheeling experiment could result in two
    ironies: (1) Edison may still be required to wheel power to
    retail customers, but at rates less likely to be fully
    compensatory, and (2) its generation will be more devalued
    than it would have been without the suit.
    Brown, Ashley, and Terrence Barnich. “Transmission and Ratebase: A Match Not Made in Heaven.” Public Utilities Fortnightly 127, no. June (1991): 12-16.Abstract
    This article examines how the cost of transmission of power is to be incorporated in the utilities ratebase in a competitive bulk power market. The topics include a call for public discussion and debate, who should bear the risk of residual revenue responsibility for transmission assets, are actual costs and uses reflected in the allocation of responsibility for transmission revenues, and how can transmission pricing be used to reduce the likelihood of anti-competitive behavior by those entities owning both generation and transmission facilities.
    Brown, Ashley. “State Power Over Transmission Access and Pricing: The Giant Will Not Sleep Forever."” In, 1989.Abstract
    This article examines the nature and extent of authority which state utility commissions have to regulate access
    to electric power transmission lines and pricing for such access. Somewhat surprisingly, since there has
    been a common assumption that this is the domain of federal regulators, the author is able to point out
    numerous bases for the exercise of jurisdiction by state regulators, by direct grants of authority, or indirectly
    in the discharge of other responsibilities and duties.